There is limited information about the Upper Arun River. The book “Himalayan Traders,” written by Christoph Von Furer-Haimendorf is perhaps the only book that gives insight about the people and the areas. History of Kiranti people“The Kirats in Ancient India” written by G.P.Singh is another work that can shed light why Lhomis of Hatia region are different from the Tibetan to the North and other adjoining areas, such as Olangchunggola and Topkegola. Answers to some of the question about the ethnicity of Lhomis raised by Haimendorf can be found in the book written by Mr.Singh. .
Kirati are the original inhabitants of Nepal. Dr. Baburam Acharya, the prominent Nepalese historian writes that they settled in the west, central and east Nepal in around 2nd century B.C. It has been established that Magar, Gurung in the west, Tamang in the central, Rai, Limbu and Lepcha in the east, and Tharu and other aboriginal ethnic groups in the southern plain are the descendents of the Mongol and Kirant cultural mix though in the present time only Rai and Limbu are defined as Kiranti.
At the time when Tibetan king Srong-Tsen Gampo was in the height of his power a warior names Mao Rong Hang who came from Assam established his presence in Morang now known as Biratnagar. In his effort to expend his kingdom to the north he was defeated by Kiranti chiefs and he fled to Tibet probably using the route through Hatia and Kimathanka. In Tibet he established himself as head of Kampa Dzong at the behest of the Tibetan king; later he returned to the south and defeated Kiranti king with the help of Tibetans. For this mission he descended through Hatia, Topkegola and Olangchunggola. All this happened in 7th century A.D. By 849 to 880 A.D. successive chief left their own imprint throughout east and west of Arun River. During the end of the same period a Limbu chief Shrijunga Hang (880-935 AD) said to have built fort at Chainpur and introduced Limbu script known to be one of the oldest written document,
Continued migration from east to west, south to north and vice versa in the process of struggle for domination until 18th century explains unique culture of Lhomi of Hatia and other ethnic group in upper Arun River. Dr.Harka Gurung, a prominent geographer explains all this in his best seller “Vignettes of Nepal.”
Among the very few who visited the region are C.J. Morris and L.R.Wager. Morris wrote “The George of Arun” and Wager wrote the book “The Arun River Pattern and the Rhine of the Himalaya” in the geographic journal.
Trek starts at Tumlingtar and follow Arun-river towards north to Num and travel northeast to the source of Arun River, which is located beyond the old trading post of Kimathanka. Visit the isolated villages of Hatia, Chepuwa, Ritak and Thudam near the Tibetan border of north east Nepal. From Thudam you travel south to Topkegola. It is another village that share the history of upper Tamur.
From Topkegola instead of taking lower trail through Mewa Khola (river) to Donje, Phapung and Lingtep the proposed trail climbs up to the ridge of Jaljala Himal (4800m) and continues the snow traverse through the high mountain trail to Milke Danda and descend to Chainpur. The traverse involve about 4 days of travel through snow and average 4700-meter elevation. Depending upon them weather and physical condition of the trekkers the higher trail would be taken. From Milke danda it is also possible to descend to Basantapur and catch bus to Biratnagar.
Milke Danda is famous for unique rhododendron forest. The Milke danda-Jaljala trail is one of the most spectacular anywhere. The panoramic view of four of the five tallest mountain peaks can only be seen from this trail. The long spiny mountain stretches from north to south over 25 miles. Jaljala himal has the lowest elevation in the Himalaya range. Apart from the spectacular Himalayan view the best part of the trek is its untouched, rich and diverse cultures and biological diversity with abundant flora and fauna. Beside 3 day walk to Num rest of the exploration is on the off beaten trail.
Day 01: Arrive Kathmandu, transfer to Hotel, Free day
Day 02: In Kathmandu - free day to explore Kathmandu own
Day 03: Fly to Tumlingtar. Trek to Khandbari.
Day 04: Bhotebas (1720m)
Day 05: Num
Day 06: Lamobagar (Arun Khola)
Day 07: Hatia (2480m)
Day 08: Chepuwa (3000m)
Day 09: Ritak
Day 10: Explore the valley to Kimathanka (4000m)
Day 11: Ritak (4000m)
Day 12: Thudam.
Day 13: High camp at Yala
Day 14: Cross Thangla Bhanjyang (4286m)
Day 15: Descend to Topkegola
Day 16: Extra day
Day 17: Assced the ridge to Panchpokhari
Day 18: Traverse through the ridge of Jaljala Himal (4785m)
Day 19: Traverse though the ridge of Jaljaa Himal (4780m)
Day 20: Extra day
Day 21: Milke Danda (ridge) –3600m
Day 22: Mayam (1800m)
Day 23: Chainpur (1200m)
Day 24: Rest day in Chainpur.
Day 25: Tumlingtar
Day 26: Fly to Kathmandu, transfer to hotel
Day 27: In Kathmandu, Free day to explore Kathmandu own
Day 28: Transfer to Kathmandu, depart Kathmandu
Full trek dossier available to signed up clients.
Private Trek cost:
2 pax: US$4430 per pax
3-5 pax: US$3965 per pax
6-9 pax: US$3745 per pax
10-15 pax: US$3365 per pax
SGL Supp: US$ 95
01. All meals and full camping trek arrangement with all camping gears
02. Cooking and eating utensils
03. Service of sardar (guide), cook, kitchen and sherpa assistants
04. Porters to carry personal baggage (each 15 kg.), food and camping equipment.
05. Warm clothing, shoes, blankets and dark goggles for high altitude porters
06. Accident insurance for staffs and porters.
07. Domestic Airfare according to programme
08. Trek permit, National Park Fees
09. Arrival and departure transfers
10. Local / Public transport as shown in the programme
11. Hotel accommodation on BB (2 star) as per programme
Cost does not include:
01. Personal clothing and sleeping bag
02. International Airfare and private transportation
03. Personal accident and health insurance.
04. Emergency evacuation and oxygen cost, and medical-box.
05. Alcoholic and bottled beverage, laundry, and tips
06. Sightseeing and meals in Katmandu
07. Any surcharge that are not mentioned in the programme
08. Expenses due to flight delay, sickness other contingencies
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- Price : USD 3365
- Destinations : Upper Arung - Makalu region
- Max Elevation : 4785 m.
- Weather : Spring and Autumn are good time to visit this area
- Trip Duration : 28 days
- Trip Grade : Streneous
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