Some useful informations on Nepal

Some useful informations on Nepal

 

Best time to visit Nepal:  Springs (early April to May) and autumn (early October to late November) are best time to visit Nepal. Late monsoon (September) and early December are equally nice depending upon the trek regions.

Except summer when it is wet and rain all seasons are good for short trek or a day hike on the foothill of the Annapurna, around the rim of Kathmandu valley and, Langtang and Helambu (north east of Kathmandu). If priority is the question; autumn comes first, second is spring and third is winter. Statistics shows autumn has more trekkers than in spring and winter respectively. To avoid crowd and to get better facilities, if lodge trek is chosen, it is best to travel either in spring or in winter. But winter is not so nice for trek in higher elevation above 4000 meters.Because of the word Himalaya associated with trek it is most often asked if snow is encountered during the trek: The answer is “no” if you are trekking in summer and spring below 4500 meter elevation. High areas and passes in the mountain above 5000 meters are generally covered with snow during early spring.

Autumn: Monsoon rain normally ends by middle of September. Sometime it drags on to first week of October. The weather in October and November is cold and dry. Sky is clear and views of the mountain are fantastic. Major festivals happen during this season. In the beginning or middle of November weather changes with snowfall in the mountain above 2500 meter and rain in the lower region; this last for a week only and it improves. Temperature in later part of November much colder than in October. This sort of weather continues until middle of December. Generally sky remains clear in the morning and evening; during daytime it is cloudy. Average temperature above 900 to 2000 meters is around 7 to 25 degree Celsius. Above 2000 to 3000 meter the temperature usually remains around 4 to 17 degree Celsius. Nighttime is cold and day is quite hot at the above altitude.

Spring: It is the time when wild flowers are in full bloom. Rhododendron of varieties of colours covers forest on the mountain slopes. Early March is cold with lots of snow on higher elevation above 4000 meter; there would be no snow on lower elevation. Morning and evening are clear with blue sky. Daytime is cloudy. As the season approaches end of April the weather becomes warmer and hot as it gets into May.

Summer: Short trek is still nice until first week of May. After first week the temperature gets very hot during the day. Nighttime is pleasant. Views of the Himalayan range are visible though it is cloudy during the day. This condition remains until end of June. Rain starts pouring from the beginning of July and remain until middle of September. However this is the best time to visit higher plateau of the Himalayas like Mustang, Kailash  and Tibet where the sky remains blue throughout.

Winter: Mid-December until end of February is usually considered as winter. It is coldest of all the season. Temperature drops to minus 2 to 6 Celsius in the night. Daytime temperature remains between 12 to 18 degree Celsius; it is warm. Snow covered mountain appear brilliant during the daytime. Nice time to do short trek on the foothills of the mountain

Safety situation:  Visitors should be vigilant and be ready to move away to safer place once you see sort of strikes and demonstration. While on trek you have your trek guide so no need to worry on this issue. Road conditions are generally poor and difficult even in the best of conditions. During the Monsoon season (June to September) many roads outside the Kathmandu Valley are prone to landslides and become impassable.

Nepal Visa:  Visas are available on arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport and at certain land borders listed below. You can pay in US$ at the airport, and should bring two passport-sized photos.  If you wish to stay for more than 60 days you can extend your visa up to 30 days by applying to the Nepalese Department of Immigration at Kalikasthan, Kathmandu.

Tourist Entry points are:

Tribhuvan International airport, Kathmandu.

Kakarbhitta, Jhapa (Easter Nepal border)

Birgunj, Parsa.

Kodari border – now closed due to landslide in April 2015

Belhiam Bhairahawa

Jamunaha, Nepaljung

Gadda Chhauki, Mahendranagar (western Nepal border)

Cost of tourist visa for 40 for 30 days and US$ 25 for for 15 days. Visa are multiple entry.

(Note: Chinese citizen are required to apply visa in Nepalese Embassy or other Nepalese diplomatic mission as there is no provision of on arrival visa for them)

Insurance:  You should take out comprehensive travel and medical insurance before travelling. Check for any exclusions and that your policy covers you for activities you want to undertake. If you are intending to travel at altitude in Nepal, please check that your insurance policy provides cover. Many policies do not provide cover over 2,500 meters. You should take out full insurance cover for medical treatment, accidents and evacuation by helicopter if you are on adventure (presently costing US$ 2500 per flying hour). It is advisable to have cover for unexpected losses such as cancelled flights, stolen or lost cash, cards, passport, luggage and any loss damage or liability resulting from terrorist action.

Money: ATM and exchange facilities are available across the country. Credit cards are also accepted in most major hotels, restaurants and shops. However, you should check first that a particular card is acceptable. Both Euro and US Dollar travellers’ cheques can be cashed relatively easily in most banks and major hotels throughout the country. Nepalese Rupees fluctuates daily relative to international basket of currencies. Usually any change in international gold price and dollar rates affects the exchange rates. The daily rates are available on all National daily news papers.Indian currency in Nepal: All denomination currencies of Indian rupees are now valid in Nepal. Earlier 1000 and 500 denomination were not allowed.

Immunization: Recommended injection: It is usually recommended to get Cholera, Tetanus, polio, typhoid, and typhus injection for travel to Nepal.Malaria prevention tablets are recommended if you want to visit terai or jungle. Meningitis vaccine is recommended for all trekkers especially for visitors to remote villages. Gamma Globulin is recommended for trekkers as protection against hepatitis.

Customs Regulation:  Custom officials at the port of entry personal baggage are permitted free of entry. This includes trekking and climbing equipment (limited quantity). Duty free allowance includes:

200 cigarettes

20 cigars

2 bottles of liquor

camera film, camera including vedio-camera

Excessive amount of films, professional vedio camera, 16mm movie equipment, huge bulk of food and climbing equipment for mountaineering expedition and firearms are subject to special restriction. Check with us for assistance and government custom rules. All baggage is inspected on departure from Nepal. Antique those are more than 100 years old is prohibited. Items that resemble antiques require special certificate from department of Archaeology. Other items that are prohibited for export are gold, silver, precious stones, wild animals and their skins, horns etc. all drugs whether processed or in their natural state.

Communication and mail: Information technology has also arrived in Nepal. Even remote villages are now connected by phone and internet. It is easy as anywhere in the world to get connected. It is best to post your mail at the hotel. The post office is pretty chaotic and time consuming.Foreign post office is located next to general post office; it sends and receives foreign parcels.

Language and culture:  Official language is Nepali. This is widely spoken everywhere in Nepal except in remote villages. In cities if you speak in English you will have no problem in getting help and advice. You might always get wide smiles for yes or no answers. Whenever you ask for direction make sure to double-check the information because you get answer anyway. While on trek don't take the answer at face value because local people as well as trek staff answer your question for 'how long' in their own time frame work. "Namaste" is greeting and "Dhanyabad" is thank you. Regarding photography always maintain discretion while taking photo of women, religious festival, cremation ground, inside of temple, etc. Always ask for permission.

What to wear: From March to May (spring) is warm during the day and cool in the evening, dusty, rain shower (sometime). May is the hottest of all month. High mountain area has pleasant temperature.

June to August (Monsoon) is lush green and wet. Rain start from beginning of July. Heavy rain- fall is in August. Rain doe not fall throughout day and night. There are several dry days with sun in between.

September to November (autumn) is warm during the day and cool in the evening. The sky is clear. It is normally regarded as the best time for trekking, tour, festival and other cultural activities.

December to February (winter) is cold and snow in the mountain. End of December and January is very cold. In the mountain daytime is pleasant.

So bring clothes according to the season and place you would want to visit.

Photography: Bring your own films and batteries. Video cameras are permitted. Photography inside the religious monuments and generally not allowed.

Health Precautions: Amoebas and giardias are something tourist should take special precaution while traveling in Southeast Asia. You should avoid drinking not boiled water or ice cube. Please note that some time tablets for disinfecting water are not effective against all types of amoeba. Bottled mineral water is available throughout the country. It is considered safe.

Malaria: Keep plenty of mosquito repellent, cream or lotion on any exposed areas of skin when you are in outdoors. This is especially important for traveler who plan to travel by surface or Chitwan for safari.

Medication: Bring all your customary medicines with you, an anti diarrhoea medicine, antihistamine tablets, anti-nausea tablets, eye lotion, lip salve. There are several pharmacies and medical clinic in cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara that can supply antibiotics and analgesics.

Hospitals: There are some good hospitals in Kathmandu with excellent medical facilities and modern medical equipment for emergency. In villages and other cities the medical facilities are limited. There are also many highly qualified physician, specialists and dentists. Though in most cases sick and injured tourist are usually flown to their home for further treatment.

How long is a day walk: In an average you walk about 7 to 8 hours a day. Suitable camping site and availability of water determines duration of walk in tented trek. As for lodge trek lodging and eating facility (tea house) determines where and when to stop. At higher elevation above 4000 meter your pace of walking is slower, so in a day you would cover about 5 to 6 hours of walk. With family the pace of walking is slower.

Tour Guide:  English speaking guide would accompany during sightseeing tour. Tour guides are trained and licensed by the government. It is possible to engage tour guide proficient in other international language. Advance notice is required in this case. Special tour guide like resource person in particular subject are also available. Though they are expensive. Their charge ranges from US$60 to US$100 per day.

Nepal Tourism Board (NTB): Unlike Tourism board of Bhutan and Tibet NTB does not make and enforce tariff and rates nor it regulates the tourism. Main function of NTB is to promote Nepal as premium tourist destination. Since the members of the board are chosen from the tourism associations and concerned government organizations the board is expected to work towards the interest of the tourism entrepreneurs as well as identify, develop and promote new tourism products and destinations in Nepal.

Reference Books:  It is very important that you try to grasp a few of the principals of the Buddhist, Lama and Hindu Religions. There is such a wealth of religious artifacts displayed in the monasteries that at least you will get to understand some of what you see. In order to appreciate the trek and stopping points etc. and also to get idea of the mountains the books would be helpful. It is possible to purchase panoramic views of the mountains with written identification while in Kathmandu. There has been a great explosion of new material written about Tibet and Nepal and just about every place on earth these last five years. The book list has tentative titles. Lonely Planet Guides, Rough Guides, Insight Guides, Moon Handbook to Nepal. Various guides to Kathmandu and the art, people, etc

Air ticket Reconfirmation:  You should reconfirm your onward journey. You should do this yourself or ask your representative to do this for you. Do not changed your confirmed schedule of your onward journey, if you do, it will be at your own risk.

Shopping-Souvenirs: Shopping can be fun if you just know how to do it. General rule is not to start asking price if you do not want the item. If you think it is good you may start bargaining but make sure you don't start with the price the sellers takes it. Normally it is good to start at 50% less than offered price. If it is expensive items, best to compare prices. Remember that it is prohibited by law to export antique items. But there are several items like jewelry, semi precious stones, Tibetan and Nepali style Thanka painting, wool carpets, woolen sweater and jacket, pasmina shawls, handicrafts, wooden and metal crafts etc. Normally shopkeepers do not give receipt of the payment.

Transportation:  Metered taxis are widely available. Local buses and mini/micro buses are available to reach almost all the points in Kathmandu City. But the buses do not run according to schedule time. Whenever it is full it goes. You can also hire bicycle and motorbike. Rickshaws are available in some tourist places, but make sure to bargain price before taking a ride. For long distance travel there are several bus-companies and transport syndicate that operates bus on daily basis. They operate day as well as night bus.For tours, airport transfer and transportation to trip starting and end points depending upon the price luxury air condition or non-air condition bus or standard comfortable Indian bus are used. Comfortable private cars are also available for long distance travel. We provide this on your request.

Photography:  This is a wonderful opportunity for photographing the highest places on earth however you need to take great care due to the increased ultra violet conditions, extreme glare and very dark contracting conditions. In the Sep/Oct conditions the camera may well just freeze on you, just give it some body warmth. Spare batteries are essential. Needless to say choose your film carefully. It is possible to purchase film in Kathmandu and Lhasa. In the monasteries the room are extremely ill lit, if not only illuminated by the light coming in through the open door. A flash is necessary but usually you will have to pay for the photo taken sometimes each photo in each room. It can cost up to US$ 30 to cover some of the great monasteries, exteriors as many as you like, no charge. Take as much photographic equipment as you can manage but most important pack everything in protective bags against dust, damp and extra cold conditions. Finally protect it well against damage.

 

 

About Nepal:

History:  Civilization of Kathmandu valley-Chronological history of Nepal recorded that Gautam Buddha visited Kathmandu valley during the reign of Kiranti king JitadastiHang. He was the 7th dynasty of YalambaHang; YalambaHang established his kingdom around 3102 B.C.

Kirati are Mongoloid race. Northern part of Nepal and India including Sikkim, Bhutan, Kumaon, and Assam were the cradle of their civilization. They were also known at that time as northern mountaineers because of their dwelling in the nook and corners of the hills and mountain. Expert says they were also original tribes in Deccan plateau of India. Historians have agreed that there were 29 rulers of the Kirant dynasty. Later, Asoka the famous Mauryan ruler of India visited Kathmandu valley in 3rd century B.C. (250 B.C.) during the reign of 14th king of Kirant dynasty-Sthunko. At that time Nepal was known as Kiratidesa (land of Kirat), The history have recorded that Asoka visited Kathmandu valley including Lumbini, birthplace of Gautam Buddha. He visited because of its famous reputation as sacred place. He left unmistakable footprint by marrying his daughter Charumati to Devapala. A former town of Devpatan near Pasupatinath is formed in his memory by Charumati and later she built Charumati Vihar in Chabahil near Gokarna forest. Gorkarna used to be the capital of Kirati kings though due to political condition of that time the capital was often shifted around. Asoka built 4 stupas at four points in Patan. During the time when he visited the valley Buddhism had already flourished.

It is firmly believed that Kirat dynasty ruled Nepal from 3102 B.C. to 7th century A.D. and after that around 3rd century A.D (250 A.D.). Licchavi or Lichchhavis dynasty finally took over. Licchavi had their capital at Godavari at the foot of Pulchauki danda (hill). Subsequent rulers like Gopala, Malla and later Shah dynasty, present ruler, contributed in making present Nepal.

So the history of Kirat dynasty, teaching of Buddhism, tantric system, and later advent of Hinduism and migration of people across the Indian sub continent due to war and subjugation formed the present cultural, social and religious-mix. Special cultural tour of the villages is the only way you can truly understand the unique culture. The tantric form and Bon po style of nature worship still continues in the villages of central and eastern Nepal. The sightseeing sites in Kathmandu valley are the living memory of the past civilization.

Apart from culture architectural style seen around the cities are glaring example of ancient civilization that propagated two popular building styles – stupa (Chaitya) and pagoda. Pagoda style was popularized by Arniko (Balbahu) who visited Tibet and China in 13th century at the invitation of the Chinese Emperor Kublai Khan

Anshuvarma, a Licchavi king, opened trade route to Tibet. He married one of his daughters Bhrikuti to the ruler of Tibet – Tsrong Tsong Gompo; she propagated gospel of Buddha in Tibet. This is how Mahayana Buddhism was spread in Tibet. The famous Chinese traveler Hen Tsang who visited India and Nepal (Lumbini) in 7th century A.D. wrote that Anshhuvarma as a man of many talents.

Thangka painting that you see in the shops are oldest form of painting practiced in Nepal. Some of the paintings were dated 1369 A.D. and 1420 A.D. It is believed that this kind of painting was evolved as earlier as 9th century and has remained popular until today. The painting of that time reflects influence of tantrisim, Buddhism and Hinduism. Similarly stone and metal sculpture is another traditional art that flourished during the reign of last part of Kirat period (5th to 8th century). The architecture and sculpture at Changu Narayan temple built in 323 A.D. is the oldest monument built in pagoda style at the summit of small hill above Bhaktapur explains about the state of culture at that period. Lichhavi period (7th to 14th century) and from early Malla period (11th to 15th century) continue to contribute to the rich tradition. Another art form that you can see around the cities is woodcarving work. The preserved artifacts are dated back to to Malla period. Woodcarving was part of architectural work. Actually the art must have evolved earlier than Malla period.

Successive Malla kings formed the city of Kathmandu at that time known as Kantipur. It all started around 11th century. The art and architecture continued to flourished during the Malla period. Beside that the numerous festival of Kathmandu is attributed to Malla rule in the valley. Yakshya Malla, the last major ruler of Malla dynasty, ruled Kathmandu valley until the end of 15th century. After his death the valley was divided into three major principalities of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. This happened around 1484 A.D. This was the beginning of the end of Malla reign of Kathmandu valley.

Prithivi Narayan Shah,  the 9th generation of the present Shah dynasty was the king of Gorkha, a small hill north of Kathmandu before he rest control of Kathmandu valley from the Malla kings in 1756 at a time when they were divided and confused. He was instrumental in forming the present day Nepal. The border was later expanded as far as Tista River in the east and by 1792 the western border was at Kumaon. During the expansion period around 1770’s onwards various ethnic groups and races of the central region spread to the middle hills of eastern Nepal. The expansion period was interrupted because of the war with China in 1788 and in 1791. Before the war Nepal had virtual control of trade with Tibet. By early 19th century the western border of Nepal was expanded to Kangra (present day India). 1846 was the beginning of dark era in the history of Shah dynasty and Nepal. The Rana family rule was instituionalized that continued until 1951.

After many years of struggle when the political parties were banned, they finally mustered enough courage to start a People’s Movement in 1990. Paving way for democracy, the then-King Birendra accepted constitutional reforms and established a multiparty parliament with King as the Head of State and an executive Prime Minister. In May 1991, Nepal held its first parliamentary elections. In February 1996, the Maoist parties declared People’s War against monarchy and the elected government.

Then on 1st June 2001, a horrific tragedy wiped out the entire royal family including King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya with many of their closest relatives. With only King Birendra’s brother, Gyanendra and his family surviving, he was crowned the king. King Gyanendra abided by the elected government for some time and then dismissed the elected Parliament to wield absolute power.

In April 2006, another People’s Movement was launched jointly by the democratic parties focusing most energy in Kathmandu which led to a 19-day curfew. Eventually, King Gyanendra relinquished his power and reinstated the Parliament.  On November 21, 2006, Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala and Maoist chairman Prachanda signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) 2006, committing to democracy and peace for the progress of the country and people. A Constituent Assembly election was held on April 10, 2008. On May 28,2008, the newly elected Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a Federal Democratic Republic, abolishing the 240 year-old monarchy. Nepal today has a President as Head of State and a Prime Minister heading the Government.

Topography:  This Himalayan kingdom is divided into three regions. Himalayan range and its watershed area in the north, and Mahabarat range and Churia hills in the middle and Terai (plain) in the south. Himalayan range includes 8 of the 14 highest peaks of the world that has altitude more than 8000 meter: Mt. Everest (8848m), Kanchanjunga (8586m), Lhotse (8516m), Cho Oyu (8201m) and Dhaulagiri (8167m), Mt. Makalu (8463m), Manaslu (8163m) and Annapurna I (8091m). It covers about 16% of the total land area of Nepal with elevation range from 2500m to 8848m-(Everest). The middle hills known as Mahabarat range encompass 65% of the area with altitude range from 500 to 3000 meters above sea level. The plain area known as Terai covers 17% of the land with altitude range from 100 to 300m. Because of its fertile land now Terai has 48% of the country’s population. Some of the best known national parks are in this region.

Cultures: Nepal was declared a secular country by the Parliament on May 18, 2006. Cultures of this landlocked county are varied. Geography of the country has influenced the culture and religion of many ethnic groups. Northern region is resided by people of Bhotia (Tibetan) origin this includes Sherpas who live in the vicinity of Mt.Everest. They follow primarily Buddhist religion and in western part of the country there are many followers of Bon–po (pre Buddhist religion). 'Kiratis' known as Rais and Limbus whose ancestors establish Kathmandu valley in 7th century BC and ruled the valley for 1000 years lives in eastern Nepal. Their culture and religion have been greatly influenced by Hindu religion. Basically they practice animism - worship of ancestors. Like Sherpa they are descendents of Tibeto-Burman group. The other major ethnic groups from Tibeto-Burman stock are Magar, Gurung and Tamang. Magar inhabit central region around Gorkha and Gurung in the western region of Annapurna. Tamang villages are around Kathmandu valley. Newars are dominant ethnic group in Kathmandu valley. They practice mixture of Hinduism and Buddhism with reflection of tantrism and animism. Far - west is the origin in Nepal of Bahuns and Chettri, who are known as Khas. They are Hindu; Hindu is a major religion in Nepal. The inhabitants of Terai (plain) belt are 'Tharu.' Though animism is practiced widely but their culture is greatly influenced by Hindu religion and culture of neighboring Indian states. Therefore the cultures in Nepal are as varied as diverse ethnic groups.

Weather: Springs and autumn seasons are no doubt best time to visit Nepal. Other seasons like summer, monsoon, and winter are equally good if purpose of visit is different. For tours and treks in the Himalayas that are in rain shadow - Mustang, Inner Dolpo, Kailas and Tibet - summer (May, June, July) and end of Monsoon (September) season are better. Weather in winter is pleasant in the lower mountain area and in southern part of Nepal where Lumbini (Buddhist pilgrimage site) and National Parks are located. Winter is also nice to do short trek and hiking in the lower foothills and meet people when they are generally free for festivals and leisure.

Autumn Monsoon rain normally ends by middle of September. Sometime rain drags on to the first week of October. Generally weather in October and November is cold in the night and warm during the day. Sky remains clear through out most of the day. It is good time to get great view of the snow peaks. From the second half of November weather starts getting colder and in the mountain snow starts to fall. Average temperature above 3000 to 4000m is around 4 to 18 degree Celsius. Above 4000 meter, the night temperature falls below zero to minus 10 degree Celsius. Below 3000meter, average temperature ranges around 10 to 25 degree Celsius. In Tarai region night is cold and day is hot.

Winter starts from December and remains until February. Usually at Christmas and New-year fresh snow falls on the mountain above 3000 meter. Temperature drops to 2 degree Celsius in the night in the middle hills and less than zero degree in the mountain above 2500m. During day it is sunny and warm with an average temperature of 19degree Celsius.

Spring is great when the air is cool like breeze and sun is shining. The mountain landscape is covered with snow, colourful flowers of rhododendron forests In March and April. You can see birds migrating and wild life animals easily in their habitats. There is less snow on the mountain pass. Usually sky is clear in morning and evening but during day it is cloudy. In April the weather becomes warmer (25 to 30 degree Celsius) and in May the temperature reaches around 35 degree Celsius.

Summer starts from middle of May and remains until beginning of July. This is the hottest period. But not so hot for people who lives in temperature above 35 degree Celsius.

Monsoon rain starts from beginning of July. Heavy rainfall occurs at the end of July (375 to 800mm). It becomes lesser (375 to 400mm) at the end of August and beginning of September. By middle of September usually the weather starts becoming drier. Rain does not pour every day, not even in the middle of monsoon. There are several dry days in between. Temperature is nice and pleasant (20 degree Celsius) in the middle Mahabarat range and cooler in the mountain above 3000 meter.

The average temperatures and rainfall during peak summer and winter in three most popular tourist areas:

Place Summer (May, June, July) Winter (Dec, Jan, Feb)
Max (°C) Min (°C) Rain (mm) Max (°C) Min (°C) Rain (mm)
Kathmandu 28.1 19.5 312 19.3 3.0 15.4
Pokhara 29.7 21.3 829.7 20.3 7.7 26.3
Chitwan 33.0 25.3 404.0 24.1 8.3 13.8

 

 

 

 

Temperature given here is a guideline average during the season.

Travel to Nepal:   Nepal Airlines is the national flag carrier of Nepal with flights to/ from Delhi, Kuala Lumpur, Dubai, Bangkok, Doha and Hong Kong. Other International airlines operating from and to Kathmandu are Air Arabia (Sharjah), Air China (Lhasa, Chengdu), Bahrain Air (Bahrain), Biman Bangladesh (Dhaka), China Eastern Airlines (Kunming), China Southern Airlines (Guangzhou), Dragon Air (Hong Kong), Druk Air (Delhi, Paro), Etihad Airways (Abu Dhabi), Flydubai (Dubai), GMG Airlines (Dhaka), Gulf Air (Bahrain), Indian Airlines (Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi), Indigo Airlines (Delhi), Jet Airways (Delhi, Mumbai), Jet Lite (Delhi), Korean Air (Seoul), Pakistan International Airlines (Karachi, Islamabad), Qatar Airways (Doha), Silk Air (Singapore), Spicejet (Delhi), Thai Airways (Bangkok)and United Airways (Dhaka).

Train and road network in India can be used to travel from north India to Nepal. Ground transport is suitable to use if you have extended plan to combine India and Nepal. In the east Kakarbhitta, across Silguri and Darjeeling of West Bengal and in the center Bhairawa (Lumbini) provides easy access to enter Nepal. Bhairawa entry-exit point provides suitable train and bus connections to Varanasi, Bodgaya, Patna and Agra. In Far West Nepal the entry point is Mahendranagar. It can be reached by road from Delhi. There are good network of road and train in India. Most recently Dacca in Bangladesh has also open up overland route to Nepal for tourist.

Nepalese Visa:  Visa can be obtained on arrival at the valid entry point of Nepal boarder or Kathmandu airport , require valid passport and a passport size photograph, visa fee can be paid by cash in the following currency : Euro, Swiss Franc, Pound Sterling, US dollar, Australian dollar, Canadian dollar, Hong-kong dollar, Singapore dollar and Japanese Yen.  Credit Card, Indian currency or Nepalese currency are not accepted for payment of Visa fee.

Visa Facility Duration Fee
Multiple entry 15 days US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry 30 days US$ 40 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry 90 days US$ 100 or equivalent convertible currency

Following countries will not get visa on arrival at the immigration entry points of Nepal:- Nigeria, Ghana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Cameroon, Somalia, Liberia, Ethiopia, Iraq, Palestine, Afghanistan. They need to obtain visa from Nepalese Embassies or Diplomatic Missions in their respective countries prior to their visit to Nepal.

Accommodation:  Nepal has every category of accommodation facilities that range from international standard star hotels to budget hotels and lodges. To ensure quality service, it is advisable to use the facilities and services of government registered hotels, lodges, travel agencies, licensed tour guides only and engage an authorized trekking guide or porter only through a registered travel and trekking agency.

In the last few decades, Kathmandu and Pokhara with the rest of Nepal have seen the mushrooming of world class hotels. During spring and fall, the better hotels work at near full capacity and are booked well in advance. There are, however, plenty of less glamorous but decent hotels to suit everyone’s fancies and finances. Most hotels offer a choice: bed and breakfast; bed, breakfast and one other meal; or room and full board. Rates listed however, are for room only, unless otherwise indicated. Toilets and showers in this case are generally communal and heating is extra. These small hostelries are located in the older parts of Kathmandu and in the Thamel district.  With the boom of tourism in Nepal since the early 1970s, even Nepalis living in remote parts of the country have improved the standard of local tourist facilities. Hence accommodation and meals for tourists are more easily available than ever before.

Postal Services: The Central Post Office located near Dharahara Tower, is open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday through Friday. The counters are open from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. and provide stamps, postcards and aerograms. Post Restante is available from Sunday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Express Mail Service (EMS) is available at GPO and at Thamel, Basantapur and airport postal counters.

Telephone and mobile phone services: Telephone, mobile phone and fax services are available at the Nepal Telecommunications Corporation at Tripureshwor. Hotels and private communication centers provide long distance telephone and fax facilities. For calling from outside, country code for Nepal is 977 and the area code for Kathmandu is 1.

Internet Services:  There are countless Internet cafes and communication centers have opened up in the Valley and around the country. Visitors only have to find a place they are most comfortable in to use the facilities to keep in touch with home. Internet services are also offered by hotels.

Media:  Nepali media has made a gigantic leap ahead in just a few years’ time. The government audio and television news networks are Radio Nepal and Nepal Television respectively. However, numerous FM radio stations and regional television stations are dominating the market. Major Nepali daily newspapers are Gorkhapatra, Kantipur, Rajdhani, Samarcharpatra and Annapurna Post while the English dailies are The Rising Nepal, The Kathmandu Post, The Republica and The Himalayan Times. A number of other newspapers and magazines are also available.

Electricity:  Major towns have electricity and the voltage available is 220-volts and 50 cycles. Load shedding is a seasonal phenomenon during the dry season and eases off once it begins to rain. However, most major hotels have uninterrupted power supply through their own generators.

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