Pre-trek formations for lodge and house trek

Pre-trek formations for lodge and house trek

What is Lodge trek :  Eating and sleeping in the lodge/Tea house accommodation in the trekking trail is called lodge trek. The central hill is dotted by several teashops. It used to serve travelers with basic meal and sleeping. At several places on the trail in Annapunra, Langtang-Helambu and Everest region this teashop has been modified and, in come places, upgraded to cater up market trekkers. They have brushed up their traditional hospitality culture to cater tourist. In the “Lodge Trek” these teashops are used for sleeping and eating. 

The teashop and lodge are small Inn , which serves travelers with food and bed. Usually it has attached restaurants that prepare meals according to order. The quality and standard of the meals and accommodation varies at every place. Food menus are long and varied but it is difficult to predict if all meals can be prepared. The guaranteed meals are local staple - dal-bhat and noodle soup. Coffee and tea are available. 

To avoid delay in serving food we suggest trekkers to request same meals for all. The hygienic condition is not guaranteed though some of the lodge owners are trained by professional people in hospitality industry and government owned catering school.  Simple bed with mattress in a dormitory is available in most lodges. We suggest you to bring your own sleeping bags (it is available on rent in Kathmandu ). There are some good lodges on the trail that provides double room. In peaks tourist season like in April and October services at lodges and teahouses are rather stretched to its limit.

Overnight stay has to be planned according to availability of good lodge on the trail.  A trekking guide is provided with a group. Depending upon the size of the group assistant guides are assigned. Porters carry all personal baggage. Trek guide takes care of all the expenses and situation on the trail. They are always at hand to provide assistance. In a group of more than 5 person the guide always send advance staff to get best available place in the lodge. The advantage with lodge trek is that the trek can be fixed within a short notice. Most important is to get reliable and competent guide, sherpa assistants, and confirmed flight if flight is involve.   

What we provide in the Lodge Trek: Accommodation in the lodges, meals in the lodge, trek guides, trek assistant for bigger size group, and trek porters. Trek guide takes charge of the lodge, meals and staffs. He is responsible for scheduling job of trek assistants and porters. In absence of a western leader he is totally responsible for entire arrangement once you leave Kathmandu .

Trek Staffs and Porters: Staffs: We employ staffs Sardar (trek guide) and cook on permanent basis. Staffs are recruited based on the comment of our customers. Priorities of jobs are given to the staffs who obtain highest recommendation. Best among them are given jobs in the expedition alternatively. This gives them wider opportunity. Porters are normally hire/arranged from the trek originating places if flights are involved otherwise we take them from Kathmandu.

Tek guide known as Sardar (guide): He is a head sherpa in charge of the trek once you have left Kathmandu he hires porters. All staffs are under his command. He ensures everything is in order according to plan. He takes care of all your need and problem. If there is anything that you want it should be referred to him. His responsibility includes logistics arrangement and safety of the staffs, porters and members of the group. They are chosen from selective group of staffs who had worked in trekking for several years as Sherpa assistants, kitchen boys and some of the even have worked as porters. 

Porters:  They are hired either in Kathmandu or at the starting point of the trek. They help to carry baggage of the trekkers, camping equipment, food load, etc. In average each porter carries 30 kg. All loads are carried behind their back with the help of a strap on their forehead. Foods are carried in a wicker basket.

Included in Trek Cost: Includes meals during the trek packages, accommodation in lodge in lodge trek, service of trek guide, sherpa assistants for bigger size group 6 person, porters, trek permit if required, national park fees, TIMS and conservation permits. Public transport for staffs and private car / coach or bus for members, airfare according to the itinerary and accident insurance for the staffs and porters.

Not included in the cost:  Visa fees, emergency evacuation, medical-kit, sleeping bag, tips, items of personal nature such as liquor, mineral water, bottled beverage, laundry charge and personal insurance.

Best time to visit:  Springs (early April to May) and autumn (early October to late November) are best time to visit Nepal. Other seasons like summer, monsoon and winter are equally good if purpose of visit is different. For treks in the Himalayas that are in the rain shadow – Mustang, Inner Dolpo, Mt. Kailash and Tibet – Summer (May, June and July) and end of Monsoon (September) seasons are better.

Except summer when it is wet and rain all seasons are good for short trek or a day hike on the foothill of the Annapurna, around the rim of Kathmandu valley and, Langtang and Helambu (north east of Kathmandu). If priority is the question; autumn comes first, second is spring and third is winter. Statistics shows autumn has more trekkers than in spring and winter respectively. To avoid crowd and to get better facilities, if lodge trek is chosen, it is best to travel either in spring or in winter. But winter is not so nice for trek in higher elevation above 4000 meters.

Because of the word Himalaya associated with trek it is most often asked if snow is encountered during the trek: The answer is “no” if you are trekking in summer and spring below 4500 meter elevation. High areas and passes in the mountain above 5000 meters are generally covered with snow during early spring.

General Information about Weather: Weather condition Because of the word Himalaya associated with trek it is most often asked if snow is encountered during the trek: The answer is no! Except in winter (December to February) at passes above 2500 meter there would be snow in places like Ghorepani and Pulchauki.  

Autumn: Monsoon rain normally ends by middle of September. Sometime it drags on to first week of October. The weather in October and November is cold and dry. Sky is clear and views of the mountain are fantastic. Major festivals happen during this season. In the beginning or middle of November weather changes with snow fall in the mountain above 2500 meter and rain in the lower region; this last for a week only and it improves. Temperature in later part of November much colder than in October. This sort of weather continues until middle of December. Generally sky remains clear in the morning and evening, during daytime it is cloudy. 

Average temperature above 900 to 2000 meters is between 7 to 25 degrees Celsius. Above 2000 to 3000 meter the temperature usually remains around 4 to 17 degree Celsius. Nighttime is cold and day is quite hot at the above altitude.

Spring: It is the time when wild flowers are in full bloom. Rhododendron of varieties of colours covers forest on the mountain slopes. Early March is cold with lots of snow on higher elevation above 4000 meter; there would be no snow on lower elevation. Mooring and evening are clear with blue sky. Daytime is cloudy. As the season approaches end of April the weather becomes warmer and hot as it gets into May.

Summer: Short trek is still nice until first week of May. After first week the temperature gets very hot during the day. Nighttime is pleasant. View of the Himalayan range is visible though it is cloudy during the day. This condition remains until end of June. Rain starts pouring from the beginning of July and remain until middle of September. However this is the best time to visit higher plateau of the Himalayas like Mustang, Kailas and Tibet where the sky remains blue throughout.

Winter: Mid-December until end of February is usually considered as winter. It is coldest of all the season.  Temperature drops to minus 2 to 6 Celsius in the night. Daytime temperature remains between 12 to 18 degrees Celsius; it is warm. Snow covered mountain appear brilliant during the daytime. Nice time to do short trek on the foothills of the mountain.

Weather in the trek: Geographical setting of the country is so extreme that it ranges from a sea level to snow covered Himalaya. This great varieties of topography of the country creates diversity of weather as well as climate. The country experience tropical, mesothermal, microthermal, taiga and tundra types of climate. The seasonal wind “Monsoon” is caused by the differential heating between land and sea. Monsoon rain normally arrives over the eastern Nepal during the first week of Jun. 60 to 80 percent of rainfall falls during the monsoon season (June to Sept). In winter the major weather affecting, is the “Western Disturbances”. Due to this, north –western part of the country receives rainfall greater than that of east. At higher altitudes, most of the precipitation falls in the form of snow.

Tempreture in celsius                   Oct                Jan          Apr

Temperature                             Max      Min        Max   Min   Max   Min

Kathmandu(1332m)                          31       14             19      3    29      8

1500 to 2500m                           25       12        16       3    23      6

2500 to 4000m                             18        5         11     (-8)   16    (-0)

4000 to 6000m                           8         0         5     (-10)  6     (-0)

 

Note: Above average temperature is for guideline only.

Communication and mail in the trek:  Even remote villages are now connected by telephone and mobile. It is has become quite convenient to connect with Kathmandu and in from several places it is possible to contact your home. Telephone in remote villages where electricity is not available they are powered by solar power so the best time to use the phone is during the day only. Mobile phone is popular in Kathmandu and the cities area. Private mobile company sells sim card to visitors, it is cheaper to call locally and abroad. Mobile connection now started to work from Phakding, Namche and Tengboche, Dingboche, Island peak, some time it is hard to get connected. It is best to post your mail in Kathmandu. The post al system in Nepal is pretty chaotic and time consuming.

In Kathmandu Foreign post office is located next to general post office; it sends and receives foreign parcels. Do not send document by parcel to Kathmandu, because such parcel must be cleared by the custom office located in the post office. It sometime turn out expensive at this end to clear the parcel. So, It is best to send documents by international courier service through email attachment.

Language and culture tips in the trail:  Nepali is widely spoken in Nepal but in remote villages they may not understand Nepali nor English. In cities if you speak in English you will have no problem in getting help and advice. Either in village or cities you might always get wide smiles for yes or no answers. Whenever you ask for direction make sure to double-check the information because you get answer anyway. While on trek don't take the answer at face value because local people as well as trek staff answer your question for 'how long' in their own time frame work. "Namaste" is greeting and "Dhanyabad" is thank you. Regarding photography always maintain discretion while taking photo of women, religious festival, cremation ground, inside of temple, etc. Always ask for permission.

What to wear in the trek :

Weather From March to May (spring) is warm during the day and cool in the evening, dusty, rain shower (sometime). May is the hottest of all month. High mountain area has pleasant temperature.

June to August (Monsoon) is lush green and wet. Rain start from beginning of July. Heavy rain- fall is in August. Rain doe not fall throughout day and night. There are several dry days with sun in between.

September to November (autumn) is warm during the day and cool in the evening. The sky is clear. It is normally regarded as the best time for trekking, tour, festival and other cultural activities.

December to February (winter) is cold and snow in the mountain. End of December and January is very cold. In the mountain daytime is pleasant.

So bring clothes according to the season and place you would want to visit.

How long is a day walk: This is a frequently asked question about trek (long as well as short trek). In an average you walk about 7 to 8 hours a day. You stop at a place where night stop is planned in your itinerary, this is planned where we think accommodation and eating facilities are good. At higher elevation above 4000 meter your pace of walking is slower, so in a day you would cover about 5 to 6 hours of walk.

Flight delay in the trek: Flight to remote airstrip like Lukla, Taplejung, Manang, Jomsom, Jumla, Juphal and Simikot may be delayed because of weather or technical reason. Often in the fall and winter season delay is due to early morning fog that would delay take off until 10am. The delay in the spring could be because of wind and in the summer cloud and wet airstrip. This delay disrupts subsequent flights to this remote STOL airstrip. However you must be at the airport at least 1 hour before departure and do not leave airport until your flight departure is announced.

Note: Chronic flight delays: to and from Lukla and Jomsom have been greatly reduced due to the operation of new airlines in this sector. Since October 1992 flight frequency have been increased. The shortage of aircraft used to be deterrent factor even when the weather conditions permit flights at late hour. Instead of maximum 4 to 6 flight a day in peak season now there are as many as 25 to 30 flights a day. if the delay continues on for several days the only possibility is to charter helicopter, the cost is very high or walk down to Jir (6 days walk) or share seats with those who hired the charter helicoper.

Emergency handling in the trek:  In the event of illness or injury, either the Sirdar / trek guide with the approval of leader (if there is a trek leader) will arrange to send someone for assistance or transport the ill person to a nearest hospital, airstrip, or road head for evacuation to Kathmandu. The Sirdar and tour leader has complete authority and responsibility in such a situation. It is up to the individual member to decide whether his assistance is required or continues the journey depending upon the situation. The only guideline in such condition is common sense. In some situation if you are not able to make any decision the guide / sardar/ leader would make final decision for your safety. The person who delivers the rescue message should be given full name with sex, passport number and nationality of the sick person including the name of the leader and sardar of the group. This would help the rescue workers to identify the sick person and act accordingly. If ambulance is required at the airport it should also be included in the request. There are private helicopter services beside the military helicopter. Their priority is rescue request. After the request has been placed the helicopter will be at the rescue spot within 24 hours. If the weather is good and if it has sufficient time to pick up the sick person rescue request would be carried immediately. Once you send for rescue request there is no way you can cancel it. You must wait for the helicopter at the place or point from where you have asked to be rescued. You will end up paying the full charge even if the pilot failed to get you in case if you have moved from the place. Helicopter rescue charge is US$2500 per hour. Normally the helicopter operators including the military helicopter service require advance deposit to fly. However full payment must be made soon after the job is done.

High Altitude Sickness:  If you have not experienced walking in high altitude region before you may feel uncomfortable with headache, nausea, and lethargy. Even if you have previous experience it is not a guarantee that you are immune. If you are in good physical shape you should slow down your walking pace as you trek above 4000 meters. Experience and statistics has shown that this measure has reduced likelihood of getting altitude sickness. This is neither an assurance nor a guarantee but caution to ask you to be prepared emotionally. In such situation you should be prepared to retreat to lower camp.

The average altitude during a long trek or overland Tibet Tour is 2300 meters (7,500 ft) but on a strenuous trek it may reach as high as 5,400 meters (17,500ft). It is advisable to drink considerably more liquids at high altitudes than at sea level as dehydration is common. If you have heart problems or high blood pressure, you should consult your own doctor before undertaking such a trip. Headaches are common during the first days of a trip, it is best to keep away from any alcoholic drinks until you are acclimatized.

Most fatal cases of altitude sickness (pulmonary edema) resulted from people pushing themselves beyond their capabilities when they were severally affected by altitude problems. Usually altitude problem does not occur below 3600 meter, however at least one extra day should be allowed if you have flown direct to that altitude. There are Himalayan Rescue Association (HRA) health post in Pheriche (Everest area), and Manang (Annapurna) where maximum number of trekkers pass through. This health post has foreign medical doctors (volunteers), emergency medical instrument and medicine to treat sick trekkers especially when they are affected by high altitude sickness. These post has radio to communicate with its Kathmandu office.

About your trek region - Everest Areas :  The home of Sherpa community of Nepal is known as Solu-Khumbu. All famous mountaineer including Tenging Norgey, who climbed Mt.Everest with Sir Edmund Hillary and 10 times summiter Ang Rita came from Thame in Khumbu region. Sherpa belongs to Nyingma-pa Tibetan Buddhist sect. They practice their own Buddhist tradition and custom, which their ancestors brought from Tibet . The area above Jorsale, about 113 sq. km is under the protection of National Park. There are blue pine, fir, and juniper forest in the lower elevation and, birch and rhododendron forest in between 3300m to 4000m. Musk deer, Himalayan Thar and serow are commonly found. There is panoramic view of the Himalayan range all the way from Gaurishanker to Mt. Makalu . The view of Amadablam is photogenic.

Solu is in the lower belt and Khumbu is above Lukla (2700 meter). They belong to the Nyingma-pa Tibetan Buddhist sect and practice their own Buddhist tradition and customs which was brought when they migrated from Tibet . Lukla is the gatway for treks in Everest region. It is also possible to charter a helicopter direct to Syangboche to avoid a day walk to and from Lukla to Namchebazar. However you should stay at least one night at Namche or Syangboche to acclimitize your body before going further. If you are trekking in the Everest region you should consider flight condition to and from Lukla. Though in recent times due to private airlines you may not be stuck there for several days due to bad weather. Nevertheless you must be prepared for flight delay to and from Lukla due to bad weather. The other condition you should be careful is high altitude sickness that may occur due to altitude.

Trekking Everest Basecamp and Annapurna Base camp at the end of October and 1st week of November: Because there are limited lodges at Labuje and Gorakshep, accommodation can be problem if you are booked on a normal Everest Base camp trek, you should be ready to accoomodate on a basic lodges/tea house in worse case, at times there may be a sleeping place at dinning hall. We ask you to carry extra money if you want to secure good accommodation at Labuje, cost of the accommodation with private bath would cost US$ 30 per person. Same case in Annapurna Base camp trek.

Trek Itinerary: The itinerary is suggested guideline only. It may be changed because of weather, physical condition and other circumstances and condition during the trek. Day walk can be lengthened or shortened depending upon logistics and other requirements. 

Visa for Nepal: Tourist visa can be obtained either through Nepalese consulate or embassies abroad. Or it can be obtained at the airport or at any entry point for a period of 30, 15 or 90 days’ duration:

Visa Fees:

30 days $40 per person

15 days $25 per person

 

You can fillup forms online inorder to avoid long queue at the airport on this link: http://www.online.nepalimmigration.gov.np/tourist-visa
Also there are some nationalities who do not get on arrival visa, they are:

People of these countries do not get visa on arrival at the immigration entry points of Nepal:

1. Nigeria

2. Ghana

3. Zimbabwe

4. Swaziland

5. Cameroon

6. Somalia

7. Liberia

8. Ethiopia

9. Iraq

10. Palestine

11. Afghanistan

12. Syria

Trek Permit: A trek permit is required to visit remote regions of Nepal except the region notified by the government. Permit is required you must fill all the available information on the permit application form and send it to us with 2 passport size photos. If it is late booking this process can be done upon arrival in Kathmandu .

If you have not given trek permit information and photos earlier give your passport and photos with duly filled trek permit application form to our representative when you meet him. Usually it takes a day to process the permit.                

Departure for trek:  You will be intimated departure time and pick up time a day before your scheduled trek departure. If you are going by flight, flight departure time and airport pick up time shall be given to you in the evening of the day before departure day. Domestic flight schedule changes without prior information, so actual time cannot be ascertained in advance. Airticket shall be with our representative. He assists you in your check in procedure at the domestic flight terminal.

Flight delay: Flight to remote airstrip like Jomsom and Lukla may be delayed or cancelled because of weather or technical reason. Often (especially in autumn and winter season) delay is due to early morning fog or cloud which delay flight departure at least until 9am. Such delay disrupts subsequent flights to and from these airports. However you must be at the airport at least I hour before given departure time. In case of delay you must not leave the airport until departure is announced.

If the delay is at the beginning of the trek we will try our best to work out alternative flight and adjust your schedule. If the delay is too long we will work out suitable alternative and new schedule. If the delay is at the end of the trek we will try out best to work out additional flight with the airlines. During such situation our representative stays at the airport to provide all assistance necessary. For all treks that involve flight we suggest you to allow at least 2 to 3 nights in Kathmandu after the trek.

Air ticket Reconfirmation:  Bring your air ticket at the first meeting with our representative and give this to him for reconfirmation. Do not change your confirmed schedule of your onward journey; if you do, it will be at your own risk.  

Emergency: In the event of illness and injury, either the sardar (trek guide) will arrange to send someone for assistance or transport the ill person to a nearest hospital. airstrip or road head for evacuation to Kathmandu . The sardar (trek guide) has complete authority and responsibility in such situation. Though communication facilities has considerably improved yet you must understand that you are in remote part of the country where help can take time to reach you.

Rescue by helicopter is very expensive. It cost about US$1800 to 2000 per hour and places like Lukla or Jomsom takes about 2 hour. Everest Base camp required 3 hours The money for rescue has to be paid in advance before the flight so you should be prepared to pay the cost before leaving the country.Once the decision to evacuate a sick person or stranded passenger is made and communicated the helicopter will be there within 12 to 48 hours depending upon weather condition. You cannot cancel the request once it is made; if it is cancelled you are liable to pay the full cost whether it is used or not. So, do not ask for helicopter unless life is in danger or you are sure that you want to be rescued.

High Altitude Sickness:  This is concern for trek that goes above 4000 meter. Most short treks reaches much less than this elevation so there is nothing to worry about this problem. However for trek that goes above 4000 meter it is possible that you may feel uncomfortable with headache, nausea, and lethargy. Even if you have trekked before to that altitude you may be able to get this symptom. Physical fitness is not a guarantee against altitude sickness.

To avoid high altitude sickness the general rule is to slow down your walking pace as you go above 4000 meter. Experience and statistics has shown that this measure has reduced likelihood of getting altitude sickness. This is neither an assurance nor a guarantee but a caution to ask you to be prepared emotionally that in such situation you should be prepared to retreat to lower camp. Most fatal cases of altitude sickness (pulmonary edema) resulted from people pushing themselves beyond their capabilities when they are severely affected by altitude sickness.

Camera and other heavy equipment: If you are planning to bring movie camera, etc and need some one to carry you should request a private porter to carry this. If you have not requested this your trek guide known as sardar will hire someone to carry it. You may pay this directly to the porter or the guide Cost ( US$ 15 per day). Professional camera for making movies requires prior permission from the Information Ministry. Small movie camera like handicamp etc has no restriction.

Insurance: We strongly recommend that you insure against accident, emergency evacuation, loss of or damage to baggage and personal effect, and trip cancellation due to personal or family health/illness, etc. Though such insurance policy is available in Kathmandu yet it is always best to do at home before your travel. Ensure that your medical and emergency evacuation insurance cover outside your country and Europe.

Packing: Duffel bag (soft bag): You should bring this bag with you to carry your personal belongings. It should be water proof and strong enough for rough handling. Frame or box (suitcase) are not suitable for porter to carry on their back.  If you do not have this you can make a request at the time of booking the trek. It is available on rental charge of $1 per day. This bag is carried by the porters, which you will not see until at the end of the day. The bag should weigh 15 kg to make porter load easier as well as to comply with the weight limit in the flight. Use padlock to keep its contents safe.

Rucksack or backpack: It is essential to have this to carry your essential thing that you would need during the day like trek permit, water bottle and camera. You should carry this pack.

Store Baggage: Your city cloths and things that you do not need during the trek should be left behind in this baggage. It shall be stored at the hotel storeroom. Do not keep valuable and food in this baggage.

Valuable:Do not take valuable and traveler's check on the trek. Leave it behind at the safe deposit box. It is available in most hotels.

Personal expenses during trek: You need money for soft drink, beer. Etc. and tips to porters and Sherpa staff. In a short trek Nepalese rupees worth US$ 80 to 130 is sufficient; and on a longer trek $180 to $250 in rupees of smaller denomination would be ok unless you want to buy some souvenirs.

Water: It is one of the major source of stomach problem. While in Kathmandu you have choice to drink bottled mineral water but on the trek you should bring small bottle of iodine crystal to treat your drinking water. Or check with your chemist the best method to treat water.  At camp you will have plenty of tea or coffee to supplement your water requirement; this is safe. Generally water provided in the hotels are safe. But we suggest you not to drink water from the tap and pitcher kept in your bedroom. Food in the tented trek is treated with potassium permanganate (pink water) and water is boiled. We advise you should drink only boiled or bottled water and eat freshly cooked food. Maintain basic hygiene while eating food. Do not get nervous if you get mild diarrhea. Because of change in diet your system takes time to adapt.   

Meals and Menu:

Breakfast:

Tea and coffee

Eggs (fried, boiled or posed)

Bread, chapati (dry bread) or pancake

Cereals (porridge-oats, rice, granola, and corn flake)

Butter, jam, honey and  peanut butter

Lunch:

Tea and coffee

Fried potatoes or vegetables

Sandwichor Chapati (cooked bread) - with can fish or meat

Peanut butter, jam and tomato ketchup

Vegetable salads

Fruits

Tea and coffee

Dinner:

Soup (mixed, vegetable, or chicken)

Noodle (spaggati or chowmein),  Nepales dinner- dal (lintel) bhat with meat or vegetable, bread (chapati) with meat or vegetable curry, fried rice or meat dumpling (momo)

Fruits cocktail (mango, pears, mixed), jelly, or pudding

Tea, coffee, and hot chocolate

Physical Condition: Trek is neither a guided tour nor a walk in the wilderness. It is does not involve climbing. So you do not need special training and technical climbing skill. You do not need to go through rigorous training programme. Simple walking up and down the stairs as much as you can is sufficient to get you to the shape. Jogging help to keep up your stamina. The shoe you plan to take on the trek is better in the exercise. In short trek of 7 to 8 day's normal sports shoe would be sufficient. For longer trek a proper walking boot/shoe would be better.

Short trek in Nepal covers many up and down and sometime steep hills. You may encounter all kind of weather condition except snow unless you book your trek in winter. Depending upon the grade of the trek it can be easy to moderately strenuous. Whatever the trek grading it is important to have good health and open mind. Your spirit of adventure and desire to absorb totally different culture and good physical stamina would make your trek in the mountain of Nepal a delightful journey. 

How long is a day walk: In average you walk about 5 to 6 hours a day. This depends upon suitable camping site and availability of water in case of tented trek and as for Lodge trek, lodging and eating facilities determines where and when you stop. At higher elevation above 4000 meter the pace of walking is slower, hence in a day you would cover about 5 to 6 hours only. All short treks are below 4000-meter elevation.

Some don’t:

Don’t pollute.

Pick up paper, film wrappers and other junks, take back what you bring in

Burn or bury toilet paper

Don't pass candy, pens, balloons and money to children

Don’t tempt people into thievery by leaving camera, watches and valuable around the camp and lodge.

Don’t endanger the lives of other trekkers, staffs, and porters by insisting to continue on when there is unforeseen danger on the trail condition.

Do not throw battery and plastics.

Do not swim in nude.

Recommended Injection:

• Cholera

• Typhoid - paratyphoid

• Tetanus

• Polio (oral)

• Typhus

• Hepatitis

• Meningitis

• Malaria

Clothing and equipment list: Following list shows suggested items that you should take in the short trek. It covers most of the items that are essential in the trek. It is not necessary you should bring all these. Use your discretion depending upon how long you are planning to be in the mountain and your own past experience in outdoor activities. For a day hike all these are not necessary at all except a daypack and sunglass, perhaps sunhat and a walking stick.

01. Sleeping bag - either down or fiber filled (available on rental in Kathmandu – US$ 15 per week)

02. Rucksack or backpack - day pack (waterproof)

03. Duffel bag or stuff-bag (water proof)- without frame made of nylon or canvas

04. Sunglass or dark goggles would be better.

05. Sun hat with brim and woolen hat

06. Water bottle (1 liter) with good cap

07. Down jacket, wool shirt and heavy sweater in autumn and early spring trek.

08. Socks-woolen or pile and cotton (3 pair each)

09. Gloves or mittens - woolen

10. Shorts and trousers or skirts. Long Skirts are better for women.

11. Shirts - cotton long and short sleeved

12. Shirts - woolen long sleeved

13. Walking shoe - trek boot are useful in all condition. Running shoes are sufficient in short trek and  hike.

14. Sleeper or sandals - to use at campsite.

15. Flash light

16. Pocket knife ( if you are travelling in airplane, put it inside your check in baggage)

Medical Supply

• Sun Lotion

• Chapstick

• Foot Powder

• Bandage and tapes

• Moleskin or blister tape

• Lomotil or medicine for diarrhea

• Decongestant medicine

• Aspirin

• Antiseptic cream

• Cough syrup

• Water purification tablet

Responsible Travel:  We encourage minimum impact on the land as far as possible. The mountain environment is very fragile. It is suffering from deforestation. We should take care right now so our future generation can enjoy the nature later.

Shopping-Souvenirs:  Shopping can be fun if you just know how to do it. General rule is not to start asking price if you do not want the item. If you think it is good you may start bargaining but make sure you don't start with the price the sellers takes it. Normally it is good to start at 50% less than offered price. If it is expensive items, best to compare prices. Remember that it is prohibited by law to export antique items. But there are several items like jewelry, semi precious stones, Tibetan and Nepali style Thanka painting, wool carpets, woolen sweater and jacket, pasmina shawls, handicrafts, wooden and metal crafts etc. Normally shopkeepers do not give receipt of the payment. All these items are best available in Kathmandu.

Photography: Bring your own films and batteries. Video cameras are permitted but 16 mm. movie cameras are not allowed; this camera is considered as professional equipment therefore it is subject to very high custom duty. Photography inside the religious monuments and generally not allowed.

If you’re planning to bring movie camera, etc and need some one to carry, you should request a staff to carry this in advance. If you have not requested earlier your Sirdar will hire someone to carry for you. This cost is not included so you are expected to pay the cost direct to the Sirdar or the porter. Camera (even broken one) and valuable should not be but in the duffel bag. National park charge fees for movie camera for taking the camera inside the national park. Special permit is required for professional movie camera to film 16 mm movie or documentary. Please check with us for detail.

Electricity Supply: We use 220-240 volts AC electric current. All the popular trekking trail like Everest, Annapurna and Langtang- this facility is available upto certain points. Sockets are of 3 pin and two pin (round) variety.

Hot Shower: Hot shower is avaible during the trek, cost of hot shower is not included in the trek price. A bouquet of hot water will be put on the roof of the bathroom and pipe will be connected for you to get showers in the bath. Cost would be around US$ 3 to 5 per bouquet. In the camping trek we supply hot water when member request to take bath. If you are on a expensive lodge trek – it is included.

Battery recharging: Facilities for battery recharging are available on the trail but not all the places. While you are on the Everest base camp trek, this facility is available until Gorakshep,similarly in the Annapurna Base camp and Langtang trek. Per hour cost would be US$ 5-10 per battery since most of the places have electricity through solar system. While on remote area trek, we adise member to bring extra batteries as a back up. Most of the expensive lodges have electricity facilities they do not charge extra if you use their socket.

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